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      A Beginner’s Guide to the WordPress Front Page (Homepage)


      Your WordPress front page (also called the homepage) is the first thing most visitors will see when they land on your site. As such, it is vital for making a good first impression.

      While your front page will normally display your latest posts, you may want something more customized to help your most important content stand out. Fortunately, there are lots of options available on the WordPress platform.

      What is the WordPress Homepage (Front Page)?

      Your front page is the homepage of your WordPress site. By default, it displays your blog posts, starting with the most recent entries. WordPress enables you to set the number of posts displayed and even include teasers for other posts (depending on your theme’s options).

      Fortunately, WordPress enables you to select any page to use as your front page. This means that you can use either a static page or a customized page. The latter option is particularly interesting since it enables you to stand out from other sites that use the same theme.

      The benefits of a customized front page include the ability to:

      • Optimize your static content.
      • Better showcase what your site is about — its mission, distinguishing features, core values, etc.
      • Add multiple strong Calls to Action (CTA) that are highly visible.

      Customizing your WordPress front page enables you to fine-tune its look so that it meets your requirements. It can also give you an important edge over other websites with similar subject matter. Let’s take a look at a couple of ways to customize your front page in WordPress.

      3 Ways to Customize Your WordPress Homepage (Front Page)

      the WordPress posts page

      Before implementing any of these methods, it’s important to first back up your site. This will ensure that you can easily roll back changes you don’t like.

      1. Choose Whether to Display Posts or a Static Page

      To get started, go to your dashboard and select Settings > Reading. Here, you can choose whether your homepage displays your latest posts or static content:

      WordPress reading settings and homepage post settings

      If you run a blog, you may want to prioritize your recent posts. For this option, you can change the value in the Blog pages show at most field. This will set a maximum number of displayed posts.

      If you select a static page instead, you can decide which page to use:

      editing the homepage settings in WordPress reading settings

      You can also choose which alternative page will display your blog posts. Keep in mind that you’ll need to have these pages already created before you can select them.

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      2. Customize Your Static Front Page 

      After you set a specific page set as your static homepage, open that page in the Block Editor:

      Adding a new block in the WordPress editor

      To customize the page from scratch, you can insert new content blocks. Simply select the + icon and search for the feature you need.

      WordPress has a variety of blocks to choose from. You can insert standard options such as paragraphs, images, lists, tables, and buttons. Additionally, you’ll be able to use theme blocks:

      adding a new block to a custom homepage template in WordPress

      To save time, you can also use pre-designed Block Patterns. You can find layouts for your headers, footers, featured posts, photo galleries, and much more:

      the WordPress block editor

      After adding all the elements you need on your static front page, you can publish it! Alternatively, you can save it as a draft to continue editing later.

      3. Create a Custom WordPress Page Template

      Twenty Fourteen, a WordPress classic theme

      You can also customize your front page in WordPress by creating a custom page template. First, you’ll need to make sure you have a block theme activated on your website. This will support Full Site Editing.

      To find a block theme, open your dashboard and go to Appearance > Themes > Add New. Then, click on Feature Filter and select the Full Site Editing option:

      enabling full site editing in WordPress

      After you apply the filter, install and activate a block theme that best suits your needs. For this tutorial, we’ll be using the default Twenty Twenty-Two theme:

      WordPress themes

      Most block themes will automatically generate some default page templates for your website. To view these, go to Appearance > Editor. In this Site Editor, click on the WordPress icon and select Templates:

      editing templates in the WordPress site editor

      Here, you’ll see a list of pre-designed page templates that come with your theme. In many cases, you’ll have a Home template. You can select this to open a preview in the Site Editor:

      editing a WordPress page template

      By clicking on the + button, you can insert new blocks into the template. You can add standard text and media blocks, widgets, design elements, and theme blocks. However, keep in mind that this will affect all pages that use this template:

      browsing available text blocks in the WordPress block editor

      If you don’t already have a Home page template, you can easily create one. First, open a new post or page. In the page settings on the right, find the Template section:

      selecting a page template in WordPress

      Next, select New. In the pop-up window, name the template and click on Create:

      create a custom page template in WordPress

      This will automatically open the Template Editor. You can now build your custom template using blocks, patterns, and even template parts:

      WordPress block patterns

      After you’ve made your changes, hit Publish. If you want to assign your homepage to this template, open the Block Editor for the page:

      selecting a custom homepage template in WordPress

      You should see your new template in the Template drop-down menu. Select it, and when you publish (or update) the page, your custom template will be applied.

      There’s No Place Like Your Homepage

      Adding a custom homepage to your WordPress website has numerous benefits, including greater visual appeal and the ability to convey relevant information to visitors right away. Fortunately, WordPress is flexible enough to enable you to customize your front page in almost any way you need.

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      WordPress Posts: Here’s Everything You Need to Know


      Posts are one of the two main content types in WordPress, so it’s crucial to understand how they work. Along with pages, posts are your primary vehicle for creating content and sharing it with your visitors. This holds true even if you aren’t building a blog.

      In this beginner’s guide, we’ll explain what WordPress posts are and how they can be used. Then we’ll show you how to create, organize, and manage them. Finally, we’ll wrap up with a list of formatting tips to help you improve your posts. There’s a lot to cover, so let’s jump in!

      An Introduction to WordPress Posts

      top posts widget in WordPress

      Posts are an inherent part of any WordPress website’s blog.

      In WordPress, there are two main formats for creating content. The first is your pages, which are primarily static and will likely form the structure of your website. Typical examples include a site’s Home page, About page, Contact page, and so on.

      WordPress posts are similar in a lot of ways. You use the same editor to create them, and they can include text, media, and much more. However, they’re designed for more timely content. This is why they are so useful for blogs. They also work well for updates, news articles, and other types of new content published on a regular basis.

      Typically, posts are dated and listed in chronological order, and they’re organized using a system of categories and tags (which we’ll discuss soon). By default, the front page of your WordPress site will be a list of your latest posts, although you can change that static page if you’d like.

      You’ll find that posts are a versatile content type, capable of doing a lot on your site. What’s more, they’re easy to create and manage. Let’s go over the basics now.

      How to Manage Posts in WordPress (In 3 Simple Steps)

      Throughout the next few sections, we’ll discuss how to create posts, organize them, and manage them on your WordPress site. You’ll first need to log in to your dashboard before proceeding to the first step.

      Step 1: Create Your First Post

      To create a post in WordPress, navigate to Posts > Add New in your dashboard. You’ll find the WordPress editor, where you can design your post:

      WordPress create a new post

      Note that as of WordPress 5.0, the default editor is the Block Editor. Your screen may look a bit different if you’re using an outdated version of the Content Management System (CMS) or the Classic Editor plugin.

      You can add text by clicking in the text field (set the Paragraph block by default). When you add your text, a toolbar menu will appear along the top of the block with your standard formatting options:

      adding blocks of text in the WordPress post editor

      You can also select the Add Block button (the + icon) to insert other blocks, such as Heading, Image, and so on:

      Choose a block for your WordPress post

      If you want to rearrange the order of your content, you can simply drag and drop the blocks to place them in your preferred order.

      To the right, you’ll find a panel of settings and options, including Featured Image. Here, you can upload an image that will be used as the header for this particular post.

      At the top-right of the screen, you’ll notice settings for saving and publishing your post. You can save your post as a draft to work on later, schedule it to go live at a later time, or hit the Publish button:

      Publish your WordPress post

      In addition, you can use the Preview button to see what your post will look like on the front end of your site. It is always recommended to preview your post before you publish, so you can rapidly identify elements that need changing before it goes live.

      That’s the basics of creating and editing your WordPress posts. However, you’ll also want to make sure they’re neatly organized.

      Step 2: Organize Your Posts With Categories and Tags

      If you intend on publishing a lot of posts — for example, if you’re creating a blog or news site — you’ll want to keep them organized. If you don’t, both you and your readers may have a hard time sorting through the backlogs to find specific entries or topics of interest.

      WordPress provides two main features for organizing posts: categories and tags. Both can be added to a post on the editing screen:

      edit categories and tags in the WordPress post editor

      Assigning categories and tags to your posts is a way to sort them. Categories are generally high-level descriptors of a post’s topic. For example, if you run a health blog, you might have categories called “nutrition” and “fitness.”

      Tags, on the other hand, are words or short phrases that describe a particular post’s subject in more detail. If you write a post about how to start a running habit for your health blog, you might assign it tags such as “cardio exercise” and “running tips.”

      The biggest difference? Categories can be hierarchical, and tags cannot.

      It’s worth noting that you can see all of the categories and tags you’ve been creating by navigating to either Posts > Categories or Posts > Tags, respectively. In those screens, you can set up and optimize these elements before you ever use them in a post:

      edit categories for WordPress posts

      You should use categories and tags in a way that makes sense to you and your readers, although there are a few best practices to keep in mind. In general, it’s smart to stick with a handful of categories for your site and assign only one to each post. Then, each post can receive a handful of tags (we suggest two to five) to explain the topic.

      Above all, the number one rule for using these features is consistency. Having a few distinct categories and some descriptive tags is a perfect way to ensure that people can easily find posts that interest them.

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      Step 3: Manage Your WordPress Posts

      Once you have some posts under your belt, you may need to manage them from time to time. If you head to the Posts tab in your dashboard, you’ll see a list of all your current entries:

      view all posts in WordPress

      You can use the links and drop-down menus at the top of the screen to sort through your posts by type, category, date, and so on. This is helpful if you’re looking for specific kinds of posts. Of course, you can also use the Search Posts box to find one in particular.

      If you hover over a specific post’s title, you’ll see a few additional options:

      edit your post in WordPress

      You can edit the post, view it, or send it to the trash to delete it. You can also choose Quick Edit, which will enable you to make a few basic changes without taking you to the full post editor.

      Finally, you may notice the checkboxes to the right of each post. If you select several posts, you can edit or delete them all at once by choosing the corresponding action from the Bulk Actions drop-down menu:

      use bulk actions for editing multiple WordPress posts

      Overall, you’ll find that this screen is handy when it comes to keeping track of your posts. You can see each one’s author, tags, categories, and published date, all without having to visit the posts individually. We recommend becoming familiar with the entire Posts tab since it can be a huge time saver.

      Tips for Formatting Your WordPress Posts Effectively

      We’ve now covered how to create posts in WordPress, keep them organized, and manage them over time. However, none of that tells you how to actually write and design your posts for maximum effect. The following tips should help you make them as accessible and reader-friendly as possible!

      Use Headings and Subheadings

      First, let’s return to the post editor within WordPress. The blog post title you enter will always be your Heading 1. When you insert the Heading block, you can choose subsequent headings (ranging from H2 to H6):

      style heading structure in WordPress block editor

      Headers are a smart idea for a variety of reasons. At the most basic level, they help to break up content, making it easier for readers to scan and understand.

      The Heading block comes with established formatting and a hierarchy. You can use the higher-level headers (with large, bolded text) for significant sections while reserving the lower-level options for subheadings.

      For instance, Heading 1 would be used for the title of a post, Heading 2 for main subheadings, Heading 3 for sub-subheadings, and so on. Just keep in mind that the exact formatting of these headers will depend on your theme.

      Additionally, using these header options is good practice for Search Engine Optimization (SEO). The way they’re coded communicates clearly to search engine bots how your posts are organized, helping the bots learn what they’re about and promote them to the right searchers.

      Finally, WordPress headers help you keep your post formatting consistent. For best results, determine a heading structure for your first post, then use a similar structure in future content.

      Apply Formatting Options Sparingly

      If you’ve ever used a text editing program on a computer, WordPress’ standard formatting options should feel pretty familiar. You’ll see basic choices such as bolding, italics, and lists:

      modify text styles in the WordPress block editor

      You can also use this toolbar to link and highlight text, as well as apply other formatting styles, such as subscript. It’s best to establish a consistent way to format your WordPress posts.

      For example, you may choose to use bold for emphasis and italics for website names and other titles. If you want to add more customization to the formatting, you can try experimenting with HTML.

      Keep Your Paragraphs Short

      In today’s digital world, people have a lot of content to choose from and sift through. To make yours stand out, you should start by ensuring that it’s easy to read. One excellent way to do that is through headers, which we’ve already discussed. Another is to keep your paragraphs short:

      WordPress platform

      Short paragraphs are a major aspect of writing for the web.

      Readers are drawn to content with lots of short, digestible paragraphs (especially when browsing websites). This makes content easier to skim and leaves plenty of white space.

      Avoid Walls of Text

      Have you ever heard of the dreaded ‘wall of text’? It is precisely what it sounds like — content that is line after line of unbroken text:

      the dreaded wall of text

      Walls of text can be difficult to read and off-putting to visitors. It will be a lot easier for them to lose their place or become overwhelmed and simply leave the site. To avoid this, you can break up text with other elements, both to give readers a break and provide extra value.

      Some of the ways you can break up walls of text within your posts are to use:

      • Bulleted and numbered lists
      • Images, videos, and other media
      • Block quotes
      • Social media callouts

      The best posts are usually a multimedia experience, so don’t be afraid to get creative! Even the most text-heavy content can be made reader-friendly with the strategic inclusion of some images and lists. Fortunately, WordPress formatting makes this process quick and easy.

      Start Creating WordPress Posts

      If you’re running a WordPress blog or news site, understanding how posts work is a necessity. However, even if your site has a different focus, posts can still come in handy. This flexible content type is easy to create, manage, and organize, so learning how to do those things should be one of your first goals.

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      How to Mount a File System on Linux


      Mounting or unmounting a file system on Linux is usually straightforward, except when it isn’t. This article teaches you how to mount and unmount file systems, as well as list available and currently mounted file systems. It also explains how to handle the case where file systems won’t unmount because they are in use.

    • You can list the currently mounted file systems from a Linux command line with a simple mount command:

      mount
      

      The following is on an Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Linode, logged in as root:

      sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      proc on /proc type proc (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      udev on /dev type devtmpfs (rw,nosuid,relatime,size=441300k,nr_inodes=110325,mode=755,inode64)
      devpts on /dev/pts type devpts (rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000)
      tmpfs on /run type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=99448k,mode=755,inode64)
      /dev/sda on / type ext4 (rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro)
      securityfs on /sys/kernel/security type securityfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      tmpfs on /dev/shm type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,inode64)
      tmpfs on /run/lock type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k,inode64)
      cgroup2 on /sys/fs/cgroup type cgroup2 (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate,memory_recursiveprot)
      pstore on /sys/fs/pstore type pstore (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      bpf on /sys/fs/bpf type bpf (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700)
      systemd-1 on /proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc type autofs (rw,relatime,fd=29,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=18031)
      hugetlbfs on /dev/hugepages type hugetlbfs (rw,relatime,pagesize=2M)
      mqueue on /dev/mqueue type mqueue (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      debugfs on /sys/kernel/debug type debugfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      tracefs on /sys/kernel/tracing type tracefs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      fusectl on /sys/fs/fuse/connections type fusectl (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      configfs on /sys/kernel/config type configfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime)
      none on /run/credentials/systemd-sysusers.service type ramfs (ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700)
      tmpfs on /run/user/0 type tmpfs (rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=99444k,nr_inodes=24861,mode=700,inode64)
    • You can list the static file system information by displaying /etc/fstab:

      cat /etc/fstab
      

      The two static file systems for this instance are the root disk and the swap disk:

      # /etc/fstab: static file system information.
      #
      # Use 'blkid' to print the universally unique identifier for a
      # device; this may be used with UUID= as a more robust way to name devices
      # that works even if disks are added and removed. See fstab(5).
      #
      # <file system> <mount point>   <type>  <options>       <dump>  <pass>
      /dev/sda        /               ext4    errors=remount-ro 0     1
      /dev/sdb        none            swap    sw                0     0
    • You can also list and search for file systems using the findmnt command:

      findmnt
      

      The basic output shows the file system tree:

      TARGET                                SOURCE     FSTYPE     OPTIONS
      /                                     /dev/sda   ext4       rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro
      ├─/sys                                sysfs      sysfs      rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ ├─/sys/kernel/security              securityfs securityfs rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ ├─/sys/fs/cgroup                    cgroup2    cgroup2    rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,nsdelegate,memory_recursiveprot
      │ ├─/sys/fs/pstore                    pstore     pstore     rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ ├─/sys/fs/bpf                       bpf        bpf        rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700
      │ ├─/sys/kernel/debug                 debugfs    debugfs    rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ ├─/sys/kernel/tracing               tracefs    tracefs    rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ ├─/sys/fs/fuse/connections          fusectl    fusectl    rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ └─/sys/kernel/config                configfs   configfs   rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      ├─/proc                               proc       proc       rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      │ └─/proc/sys/fs/binfmt_misc          systemd-1  autofs     rw,relatime,fd=29,pgrp=1,timeout=0,minproto=5,maxproto=5,direct,pipe_ino=18031
      ├─/dev                                udev       devtmpfs   rw,nosuid,relatime,size=441300k,nr_inodes=110325,mode=755,inode64
      │ ├─/dev/pts                          devpts     devpts     rw,nosuid,noexec,relatime,gid=5,mode=620,ptmxmode=000
      │ ├─/dev/shm                          tmpfs      tmpfs      rw,nosuid,nodev,inode64
      │ ├─/dev/hugepages                    hugetlbfs  hugetlbfs  rw,relatime,pagesize=2M
      │ └─/dev/mqueue                       mqueue     mqueue     rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime
      └─/run                                tmpfs      tmpfs      rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=99448k,mode=755,inode64
        ├─/run/lock                         tmpfs      tmpfs      rw,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,size=5120k,inode64
        ├─/run/credentials/systemd-sysusers.service
        │                                   none       ramfs      ro,nosuid,nodev,noexec,relatime,mode=700
        └─/run/user/0                       tmpfs      tmpfs      rw,nosuid,nodev,relatime,size=99444k,nr_inodes=24861,mode=700,inode64
    • You can restrict the output various ways, as described in man findmnt, to show only specific devices, mount points, or file system types, such as:

      findmnt -t ext4
      

      This lists only ext4 file systems:

      TARGET SOURCE   FSTYPE OPTIONS
      /      /dev/sda ext4   rw,relatime,errors=remount-ro
    • If you’re only interested in block devices, you can list them with lsblk:

      lsblk
      

      Once again, this only lists our Linode’s root and swap disks:

      NAME MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINTS
      sda    8:0    0 24.5G  0 disk /
      sdb    8:16   0  512M  0 disk [SWAP]
    • You can mount file systems for a single session using the mount command, and permanently by editing /etc/fstab. Mounting needs to be done by an administrator, either by logging in as root or by using the sudo command. There are some cases where mounting is done automatically, like when you insert a USB flash drive. Here are a few examples using the mount command, plus the preparatory mkdir command to create the mount point.

      Most modern distros automatically mount USB drives when you insert them.

      The network file system (NFS) supports mounting remote file systems as shares for local access.

      You can add the -l (lazy) switch to umount to instruct the system to unmount the device when it’s free. Alternatively, the -f (force) switch makes the system unmount the device right away, at the possible risk of corrupting the file system. The -f switch is primarily intended to unmount unreachable NFS shares.

      Mounting a file system on Linux is generally a straightforward two-step process: create a mount point directory, and use the mount command to mount the device at the mount point. Unless the file system is in use, unmounting is even simpler, requiring only the umount command. File system mounting and unmounting requires you to be logged in as root, or use the sudo prefix to temporarily take on root privileges.

      You may wish to consult the following resources for additional information
      on this topic. While these are provided in the hope that they will be
      useful, please note that we cannot vouch for the accuracy or timeliness of
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