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      CSS vertical-align Property


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      Introduction

      vertical-align defines the vertical alignment for the content of a table cell or for an inline element against the rest of the inline flow.

      vertical-align can take a % or length value, or it can take one of the following 8 keywords:

      • baseline: The default. Baseline of the element aligned to the baseline of the parent.
      • bottom: Bottom of the element aligned to the complete bottom of the line.
      • middle: Middle of the element aligned to half the x-height of the parent. The x-height is the height of the text without the character ascenders or descenders.
      • sub: Baseline of the element aligned to the subscript baseline of the parent.
      • super: Baseline of the element aligned to the superscript baseline of the parent.
      • text-bottom: Bottom of the element aligned to the bottom of the text.
      • text-top: Top of the element aligned to the top of the text.
      • top: Top of the element aligned to the top of the line.

      If a length value is provided, the element is aligned at the specified length above the baseline of the parent.

      If a % value is provided, the element is aligned at the specified % above the baseline of the parent, with the % being a reference to the line-height.

      Here’s an example using vertical-align:

      .avatar {
        vertical-align: middle;
      }
      

      Examples

      It can be hard to visualize the effects of the different keyword values for vertical-align, so here are examples with an inline seashell emoji (🐚) placed with different values:

      vertical-align: baseline

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: bottom

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: middle

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: sub

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: super

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: text-bottom

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: text-top

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.

      vertical-align: top

      Sammy sells seashells 🐚 by the seashore.



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