Part of the Series:
How To Build a Website With HTML
This tutorial series will guide you through creating and further customizing this website using HTML, the standard markup language used to display documents in a web browser. No prior coding experience is necessary but we recommend you start at the beginning of the series if you wish to recreate the demonstration website.
In this tutorial we’ll learn how to use a
<div> container to structure the top section of the webpage. We will use the
style attribute to specify the height of our
<div> container, apply a background image, and specify that the background image should cover the entire area of the
Before we get started, we’ll need a background image. You may download and use our demonstration site’s background image for the purpose of the tutorial, or you can choose a new image. (For a refresher on how to add images to webpages using HTML, please visit our tutorial HTML Images from earlier in this tutorial series).
Once you’ve chosen your background image, save the image in your
images folder as
Next, paste the highlighted code snippet into your
index.html file below the opening
<body> tag and above the closing
. . . <body> <!--First section--> <div style="background-image: url('Image_Location'); background-size: cover;; height:540px; </div> </body> </html>
Make sure to switch the text that says
Image_Location with the file path of your image and don’t forget to add the closing
Note that we have added the comment
<!--First section--> to help organize our HTML code. A comment is a piece of code that is ignored by the browser. Comments are used to help explain or organize code to developers. They are created with the opening tag
<!-- and the closing tag
Save the file and reload it in the browser. You should receive something like this:
Alternately, you can use a background color instead of a background image. To use a background color, replace the
<div> element code snippet you just created with the following highlighted
<div> element code snippet like this:
... <body> <div style="background-color: #f4bc01; height:540px;"> </div> </body> </html>
Save the file and reload it in the browser to check your results. The background image should now be replaced with a container that is the same size but has a solid yellow color.
If you compare the
<div> container on your site with the same
<div> container on the demonstration site, you may notice that your webpage’s
<div> container is surrounded by a small margin of white space. This margin is due to the fact that all HTML pages are automatically set to have a small margin by default.
To remove this margin, we need to add a style attribute to the opening
<body> tag that sets the margin of the
<body> element of the HTML page to 0 pixels. Locate the opening
<body> in your
index.html file and modify it with the highlighted code:
Save and reload the file in your browser. There should now be no white margin surrounding the top
You should now know how to add a
<div> container with a background image to structure the top section of a webpage.